Mishi Choudhary Associates

Addressing the Legal Concerns of AI: A Clarion Call

Mishi Choudhary & Associates in associated with the Editorial Board, RGNUL Student Research Review has rolled out a blog series on Artificial Intelligence to spread awareness among law students, academicians, and professionals and welcome their contribution to the upcoming edition

About RGNUL Student Research Review

The RGNUL Student Research Review Journal is a bi-annual, student-run, blind peer reviewed journal based at Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab. It is the flagship journal managed by the students of the University. It was founded with the objective of facilitating novel ideas and a research conducive environment. RSRR has also come out with its Blog Series which publishes blogs on different contemporary issues of law. The RSRR Blog Series was named one of the top 35 Constitutional Law Blogs by Feedspot. It has been chosen from thousands of options based upon the relevance and influence of the blog, among other factors. Read more at RGNUL Student Research Review (RSRR): rsrr.in/call-for-blogs-2/


Artificial Intelligence, commonly known as AI, uses computer programs, sophisticated statistics and algorithms to solve problems and automate tasks which, if done by humans, would be considered intelligent. AI is not confined within the bounds of science-fiction literature. It is gradually infiltrating our world and is destined to transform different aspects of our lives. As the field of law is slowly moving towards digitization from its traditional setup, AI has penetrated the legal field as well. AI can help lawyers by increasing their efficiency to deal with mundane tasks. For instance, Advanced Natural Language Processing capabilities are used by AI to review and redline contracts with increased accuracy. Sophisticated AI enabled software programs, such as ROSS Intelligence, can make legal research easier. Such softwares have application even in sectors like the Agricultural Sector, for crop and soil monitoring, and the Aviation sector, for creating computer simulated pilots.

However, the emergence of AI raises several epistemic questions about fairness, accountability, transparency, and independent rights and responsibilities of the technology itself. Few white papers, such as the Report on the Artificial Intelligence Task Force and NITI Aayog’s National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence, have discussed the impact of AI on different sectors and delved into these questions. It remains to be seen whether AI will disrupt the legal profession or aid in the advancement of the field. The capacity of AI to form a contract, the criminal liability of AI and the possibility of AI replacing lawyers are issues that concern legal practitioners and law framers.

With the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, the world has been forced into a digital ground. Due to this, our dependence on AI has substantially increased and will continue to increase. The inexplicability of the algorithms and their working makes attribution of liability a difficult task. Huge legislative vacuum pervades, internationally as well as in India, which further creates a strenuous atmosphere for the growth of this disruptive technology. Owing to the lack of laws related to AI and multiple privacy concerns arising thereto, venturing into this arena would require thorough research and academic discussions. Therefore, this Blog Series aims to critically analyse legal and regulatory policy considerations for AI and law, as well as explore possible hurdles and challenges, in order to create a safe transition to an era characterized by AI.


1. Ethical Quandaries Around the Adoption and Use of Artificially Intelligent Technologies

a. AI and Trust: Building a Legally Viable Technology for Humankind
b. Socio-legal Issues in Adoption of Business Automation in Industries by Nation States
c. Safe and Responsible Development and Deployment of AI Technologies

2. Challenges by AI: How Prepared Does India Find Itself?

a. Legally Defining Artificial Intelligence: Challenges and Developments
b. Inexplicability in Artificially Intelligent Systems: A roadblock in achieving Transparency?

3. Attribution of liability on AI

a. Regulation of use of AI for anti-competitive practices.
b. Can AI be held accountable for medical negligence?
c. AI Based Devices: Responsibility and Liability for Mishaps

4. Artificially Intelligent Systems: How to Tackle Biases?

a. Application of AI for Law Enforcement
b. Automation Bias in Delivering Judicial Decisions

5. Privacy in an AI-driven Era:

a. Development and Deployment of Data-Driven Technologies: Securing International Consensus
b. Automated Processing: An obstacle in GDPR enforcement?

6. AI and Machine Learning: Recipe for Overarching Surveillance?

7. Rewarding Copyrightable and Patentable Creations by AI Systems

8. Role of India in International Dialogue Amidst the Militarization of AI

a. International Law and AI Weapons.
b. Ethics and Militarization of AI: Analysis from the perspective of International Humanitarian Law

9. AI as a tool for information corruption

a. Misinformation and AI: A Match Made in Lab?
b. Use of Deepfakes in Politics

10. Legal Personality of AI

The submissions are, however, not restricted to the aforementioned sub themes, provided they fall within the ambit of the main theme.

Submission Guidelines

1. All submissions must be in Garamond, font size 12, spacing 1.5.

2. Referencing:

a. Manuscripts must include hyperlinks for relevant legal sources and other information, including any laws, treaties or other legal texts which are mentioned.
b. The Hyperlinks must only link to legal or reliable/respected news sources. The sources shall only be linked to primary sources. Hyper-linking to secondary sources may lead to re-corrections required from the authors.
c. Relevant legal sources that cannot be accessed online may be endnoted. The endnotes should be in Garamond 10, single-spaced. A recognized, uniform style of citation is necessary for acceptance.

3. Margins: Left 1 Inch, Right 1 Inch, Top 1 Inch, and Bottom 1 Inch.

4. Word limit for each post is 1500-2100 words (exclusive of endnotes).

5. Authors are required to provide an abstract of 100-150 words along with keywords that represent the essence of the submission. The abstract is to be submitted along with the article itself.

6. The manuscript should be accompanied only by a cover letter, in the mail body itself, specifying the author’s name, designation, institute, contact number, and email for future reference. [Authors are requested to not put their name anywhere in the main manuscript].

7. The entries should be submitted only in .doc/.docx format.

8. The manuscripts must be e-mailed to submissionsrslr@rgnul.ac.in.

9. The subject of the e-mail should be titled “Submission for RSRR Blog Series: Artificial Intelligence and Law”.

10. Entries that will be selected after the review stages (inclusive of peer review*) shall be published on the RSRR Website.

11. E-certificates** will be awarded to the authors of each published blog.

12. Co-authorship of a maximum of 2 persons is permitted.

13. The author(s) bear sole responsibility for the accuracy of facts, opinions or views stated in the submitted Manuscript.

14. In case of gross plagiarism found in the contents of the submitted manuscript, the manuscript shall be subject to rejection.

15. Copyright of all blog posts shall remain with RGNUL Student Research Review and Mishi Choudhary & Associates.

16. All moral rights shall vest with the author(s).

17. The manuscripts not abiding to the above guidelines are liable to be rejected.


The last date of submission is 26 August, 2020.